Can Blood Tests Help Diagnose Thyroid Cancer?

Blood tests are not used to screen for thyroid cancer, but they can help show if the thyroid is working normally and can help the doctor decide what other tests may be needed. They can also be used to monitor certain types of cancer. There is no blood test that can detect thyroid cancer, but your doctor may want you to do one to help determine if your thyroid gland is working properly. A blood test cannot diagnose thyroid cancer, but it will measure the level of TSH, a hormone produced by the pituitary gland near the brain.

If the body needs thyroid hormone, the pituitary gland releases TSH to stimulate production. Thyroid nodules are very common and occur in up to 50% of people. Most nodules are benign and only 5 to 10% of nodules are cancerous. Thyroid biopsy is the procedure of choice to identify patients who require surgery for possible cancer, but it is not a perfect test.

When the biopsy diagnosis is questioned, some patients undergo what is ultimately discovered to be a benign disease. The search for alternative methods of confirmation before surgery remains a goal for the diagnosis of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small fragments of genetic material that leak out of cells and are found in the bloodstream. Thyroid cancer cells can release miRNAs, and these miRNAs have been a focus of research to find a marker of thyroid cancer in the bloodstream.

In this study, serum miRNA tests were performed to determine if a diagnosis of thyroid cancer can be made or confirmed simply by drawing blood from a patient. A thyroid ultrasound performed by a trained and experienced team is the basis for the evaluation and diagnosis of thyroid cancer. A total of 4 of these 8 markers were confirmed to be significantly different in patients with papillary thyroid cancer compared to nodular goiter and healthy individuals. The way to perform a self-test for thyroid cancer would involve moving your fingers around the middle of the neck and close to the trachea, where the thyroid is located.

Genetic testing of the thyroid nodule can help you understand the risk that the thyroid nodule is cancerous. As such, this level may be tracked to diagnose cancer recurrence after a person has had all. While a complete medical history and regular physical examination with the primary care physician are extremely important in identifying a lump or nodule in the thyroid, having a needle biopsy of that lump remains the fundamental basis in diagnosing thyroid cancer. These genetic mutations are due to changes in cancer cells; they are not the same as genes that are transmitted from a family.

Greta Rulnick
Greta Rulnick

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