Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer, accounting for about 80% of all cases. It is a slow-growing cancer that usually affects the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped organ in the neck. Papillary thyroid cancer can cause various symptoms, including a lump in the neck, difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), and enlargement of the Adam's apple (goiter). In addition, it is often associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, an autoimmune disorder that causes the thyroid to work typically but can lead to an increased risk of developing papillary thyroid cancer. Thyroid cancer is usually diagnosed through physical examination, imaging tests, and laboratory tests.
Ultrasound is the most common imaging test used to diagnose papillary thyroid cancer. This test can help identify suspicious lumps or nodules in the thyroid gland. Other tests, such as a biopsy or a thyroglobulin test, may also be used to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment for papillary thyroid cancer typically involves surgery to remove part or all of the affected thyroid gland. In some cases, radiation therapy may also be used to destroy any remaining cancer cells.
In rare cases, chemotherapy may be recommended if the cancer has spread to other body parts. In addition to medical treatments, there are several lifestyle changes that can help reduce the risk of developing papillary thyroid cancer. It is essential to limit your exposure to radioactive fallout and other environmental sources of radiation. Additionally, it is essential to maintain a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Papillary thyroid cancer can also be caused by certain genetic mutations, such as those associated with Graves' disease.
People with a family history of papillary thyroid cancer should talk to their doctor about their risk factors and any potential genetic testing that may be recommended. Papillary thyroid cancer is a serious condition that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. If you have any symptoms that could indicate papillary thyroid cancer, it is important to speak with your doctor immediately. With early diagnosis and treatment, most people with papillary thyroid cancer can expect a good outcome.