When thyroid gland is enlarged?

Goiter can be a general enlargement of the thyroid or it can be the result of irregular cell growth that forms one or more lumps (nodules) in the thyroid. Goiter may be associated with an absence of changes in thyroid function or with an increase or decrease in thyroid hormones. Goiter is a condition in which the thyroid gland enlarges. The entire thyroid may grow larger or it may develop one or more small lumps called thyroid nodules.

Swelling in the neck due to an enlarged thyroid gland is called a goiter. Nodules are lumps in the thyroid gland. Most are harmless, but you should make an appointment with your doctor as soon as you find a lump or swelling. Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland that causes the neck to swell.

Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. It's the gland in the front of your neck, just below the Adam's apple. The term “goiter” simply refers to abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. It's important to know that the presence of goiter doesn't necessarily mean that the thyroid gland is malfunctioning.

Goiter can occur in a gland that produces too much hormone (hyperthyroidism), too little hormone (hypothyroidism), or the right amount of hormone (euthyroidism). A goiter indicates that a condition is present that causes the thyroid to grow abnormally. Thyroid function tests are blood tests that measure levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroxine. Goiter may be associated with an irregular amount of thyroid hormone in the body (hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism) or with normal levels of thyroid hormone (euthyroidism).

This is an autoimmune condition in which the thyroid gland is destroyed by the immune system itself. As a first step, you may have thyroid function tests to determine if your thyroid is underactive or overactive (see the Thyroid Function Tests booklet). Although the goiter can get smaller, sometimes there is too much scar tissue in the gland to allow it to get much smaller. Thyroid problems often run in families and, if family members are unwell, they should be encouraged to talk to their own family doctor if thyroid testing is warranted Learn more about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of thyroid eye disease and how the risks are higher in smokers.

However, this enlargement, which can occur slowly or quickly, can also indicate that the thyroid is producing too much or too little hormone. If the goiter is due to Hashimoto's thyroiditis and you have hypothyroidism, you will be given a thyroid hormone supplement in the form of a daily pill. They don't involve inflammation or harm to thyroid function, they don't produce symptoms, and often have no obvious cause. This treatment will restore thyroid hormone levels to normal, but it usually doesn't make the goiter go away completely.

Read how psychological symptoms can accompany thyroid disorders and possible treatment and management options I am going to do the Cardiff Half Marathon to raise awareness of hypothyroidism and raise funds for the British Thyroid Foundation.

Greta Rulnick
Greta Rulnick

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