Thyroid cancer often causes a painless lump or swelling in the lower part of the front of the neck. However, neck lumps are common and are usually caused by a less serious condition, such as an enlarged thyroid (goiter). There are several types of thyroid cancer. Most types grow slowly, although some types can be very aggressive.
Most thyroid cancers can be cured with treatment. The main symptom of thyroid cancer is a lump or swelling in the front of the neck, just below the Adam's apple, which is usually painless. Thyroid cancer is generally very treatable, even if it has a more advanced stage. This is because there are effective treatments that give you a great chance to fully recover.
And surgery, when necessary, can sometimes cure it. The thyroid gland is located in the lower front of the neck, below the larynx (larynx) located in the upper part of the neck and above the collarbones. Thyroid cancer (carcinoma) usually appears as a painless lump in this area. In most cases, the lump affects only one side and the results of thyroid function tests (blood tests) are usually normal.
It's common for people with thyroid cancer to have few or no symptoms or signs. A symptom is something that only the person experiencing it can identify and describe, such as fatigue, nausea, or pain. A sign is something that other people can identify and measure, such as fever, rash, or high pulse. Together, signs and symptoms can help describe a medical problem.
Thyroid cancers are often diagnosed through a routine examination of the neck during a general physical exam. They are also unintentionally detected by x-rays or other imaging scans that were performed for other reasons. People with thyroid cancer may have the following symptoms or signs:. Sometimes, people with thyroid cancer don't have any of the signs and symptoms described below.
Or, the cause of a symptom or sign may be a medical condition other than cancer. A lump in the front of the neck, near the Adam's apple These symptoms may be caused by thyroid cancer; other thyroid problems, such as goiter; or a condition not related to the thyroid, such as an infection. Cancerous thyroid lumps aren't usually painful. However, your doctor should check for any lumps (whether painful or not).
Ultimately, how your treatment looks will depend on the stage of your cancer and the type of thyroid cancer you have. These symptoms may be caused by thyroid cancer; other thyroid problems, such as goiter; or a condition not related to the thyroid, such as an infection. Many people mistakenly assume that hyperthyroidism, which occurs when the thyroid gland overproduces the hormone thyroxine, is a symptom of thyroid cancer. In many people, this small cancer, smaller than 1 centimeter, may never grow and may never need surgery.
If part or all of your thyroid gland is removed, you will no longer be able to produce the hormones that regulate your metabolic system. The risk of developing thyroid cancer increases slightly if you have certain non-cancerous (benign) thyroid conditions, such as inflammation of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis) or enlargement of the thyroid gland (goiter). Thyroid cancer can come back despite successful treatment, and it can even come back if your thyroid has been removed. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy can be used to slow the progression of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma and help manage any symptoms.
The recommended treatment plan will depend on the type and grade of the cancer, and whether the care team believes that a complete cure can be realistically achieved. With this information, doctors may decide to do a biopsy to remove a small sample of thyroid tissue. Thyroid cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the thyroid gland, a small gland at the base of the neck. Unlike other types of cancer, traditional chemotherapy has not been shown to be beneficial in treating thyroid cancer.
Medullary thyroid carcinomas tend to spread faster than differentiated thyroid cancers, so the thyroid gland and any nearby lymph nodes may need to be removed. Depending on the cancer, the doctor may remove only part of the thyroid, a procedure known as a thyroidectomy. Differentiated thyroid cancers (DTCs) are treated by a combination of surgery to remove the thyroid gland (thyroidectomy) and a type of radiation therapy that kills any remaining cancer cells and prevents thyroid cancer from returning. .