Papillary thyroid cancer has the best outcome and the most favorable prognosis. Tends to respond well to treatment. Follicular thyroid cancer or medullary thyroid cancer has a good prognosis, but is less favorable than papillary thyroid cancer. Anaplastic thyroid cancer has a very poor prognosis.
Follicular and medullary thyroid cancers are less common than papillary cancer, but their prognosis is generally good. Anaplastic is the fastest growing type of thyroid cancer and does not respond well to treatment. Follicular thyroid cancer, or follicular carcinoma, is the second most common type of thyroid cancer and accounts for approximately 1 in 10 cases. It is most commonly found in countries with inadequate dietary intake of iodine.
Follicular carcinoma is also a differentiated form of thyroid cancer. In most cases, it is associated with a good prognosis, although it is somewhat more aggressive than papillary cancer. Follicular carcinomas usually don't spread to nearby lymph nodes, but they are more likely than papillary cancers to spread to other organs, such as the lungs or bones. This is important because if TSH is left at high levels, it can stimulate both the growth and enlargement of the thyroid and any thyroid cancer and metastasis.
To determine the best treatment for recurrent thyroid cancer, working with an experienced team of thyroid specialists is essential. Your prognosis depends on many factors, including the type of thyroid cancer you have, your age, and your general health condition. The SEER database tracks 5-year relative survival rates for thyroid cancer in the United States, based on the extent of the cancer. Treatments for stage IV thyroid cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy medications, such as lenvatinib (Lenvima) and sorafenib (Nexavar).
The American Cancer Society offers programs and services to help you during and after cancer treatment. Although a person can get papillary thyroid cancer at any age, most patients will develop it before the age of 40. Fortunately, papillary thyroid cancer is also the thyroid cancer with the best prognosis, and most patients can be cured if treated properly and early. External-beam radiation is generally used in cases where cancer has invaded surrounding structures, such as the esophagus or trachea (i.
These cancers are more likely to spread to lymph nodes and other organs, compared to more differentiated thyroid cancers). After removal of the entire thyroid, patients will need to take thyroid hormone replacement pills (usually one pill a day for the rest of their lives) to replace the hormone normally produced by the thyroid. A relative survival rate compares people with the same type and stage of thyroid cancer to people in the general population. Cancers that have spread just outside the thyroid gland have a better prognosis than those that have spread to distant parts of the body.
If a patient has risk factors for thyroid cancer (especially a family history of thyroid cancer or exposure to radiation therapy) or suspicious findings in the USG, a biopsy of nodules larger than 0.5 cm should be performed. Survival rates can give you an idea of the percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer who are still alive for a certain amount of time (usually 5 years) after being diagnosed. There are several different types of thyroid cancer, which are classified according to their appearance with normal thyroid cells under a microscope (differentiated vs. .