Why thyroid disease more common in females?

One reason for this is that thyroid disorders are often triggered by autoimmune responses, which occur when the body's immune system starts attacking its own cells. According to the American Thyroid Association (ATA), women are five to eight times more likely than men to develop thyroid disease. One in eight women will develop a thyroid disorder in their lifetime. The most common hormonal imbalance that I see clinically is the estrogen domain.

And this makes sense, since stress lowers progesterone and allows estrogen to move around the body smoothly. You see, there is this delicate balance between all the hormones and without enough progesterone that estrogen isn't blocked from affecting your tissues. It is a fact that women are more prone to thyroid malfunction than men. However, the reason why women are more vulnerable is unknown.

Women experience a high flow of hormones during pregnancy and again in menopause. Thyroid problems, which often run in families, can affect women of any age, but they are particularly prevalent in women who have recently given birth or are in menopause. There are certain supplements that can improve the thyroid, but there are others that can worsen it. The change in hormones and immune system during and after pregnancy puts women at risk of developing a thyroid condition.

It is not scientifically known why women are so vulnerable to thyroid disease, although the development of thyroid disease is suspected to be related to autoimmunity, which is more commonly found in women than in men. Thyroid cancer symptoms in women don't usually occur early and are detected during a routine physical exam. When you're a patient suffering from a thyroid condition, it can feel like you're alone on the journey. If a person has digestive problems, unexplained exhaustion, begins to lose muscle tone, experiences mood swings, or finds sudden changes in weight, one of the important checks that must be performed is thyroid function.

The chances of developing thyroid disease increase with age, a factor that is common in both men and women, and autoimmunity and routine habits work together to amplify the risk of thyroid disease. Symptoms of hyperthyroidism can range from trouble falling asleep to sudden weight loss, irregular menstrual cycles, thinning skin, nails, and hair. Autoimmunity in relation to the thyroid glands produces special antibodies to destroy thyroid cells and cause autoimmune thyroiditis. Knowing the status of a woman's thyroid before and during pregnancy is crucial to achieving satisfactory pregnancy outcomes.

Understanding your risk and how your symptoms may be related to your thyroid can help you get the needed help you need.

Greta Rulnick
Greta Rulnick

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