Any dysfunction of the butterfly-shaped gland at the base of the neck (thyroid). The two main types of thyroid disease are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both conditions can be caused by other diseases that affect the functioning of the thyroid gland. Through the hormones it produces, the thyroid gland influences almost all metabolic processes in the body.
Thyroid disorders can range from a small, harmless goiter (enlargement of the gland) that doesn't need treatment to life-threatening cancer. The most common thyroid problems involve abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Excess thyroid hormone causes a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Insufficient hormone production leads to hypothyroidism.
While the effects can be unpleasant or uncomfortable, most thyroid problems can be well managed if properly diagnosed and treated. Thyroid Disease Fact Sheet (PDF, 163 KB) Thyroid produces thyroid hormone, which controls many activities in the body, including how quickly you burn calories and how fast your heart beats. Thyroid diseases cause it to produce too much or too little of the hormone. Depending on how much or how little hormone your thyroid produces, you may often feel restless or tired, or you may lose or gain weight.
Women are more likely than men to have thyroid disease, especially immediately after pregnancy and after menopause. Sometimes the symptoms of thyroid problems are confused with the symptoms. Thyroid disease, especially hypothyroidism, is more likely to develop after menopause. Screening for thyroid disease is not recommended for most women, 2 Goiter is an unusual enlargement of the gland.
It may occur only for a short period of time and may go away on its own without treatment. Or it could be a symptom of another thyroid disease that requires treatment. Goiter is more common in women than in men, and especially in women before menopause,6 Your doctor will perform tests to see if it is caused by another thyroid disease. It can be difficult to tell if you have thyroid disease.
Symptoms are the same as many other health problems. Your doctor may start by asking you about your health history and if any member of your family has had thyroid disease. Your doctor can also perform a physical exam and check for thyroid nodules in your neck. Hashimoto's disease is an autoimmune disorder that affects the thyroid gland.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck, just below the Adam's apple. The thyroid produces hormones that help regulate many functions in the body. Talk to your healthcare provider if you continue to experience fatigue and other symptoms of thyroid disease after surgery. All patients with hypothyroidism, except those with severe myxedema (life-threatening hypothyroidism), can be treated as an outpatient, without having to be hospitalized.
Hyperthyroidism (Hy-Pur-Thy-Roi-Diz-UHM) or overactive thyroid causes the thyroid to produce more thyroid hormone than the body needs. If you don't have hypothyroidism, your doctor may decide to simply check your symptoms and thyroid hormone levels on a regular basis. Thyroid hormone controls your body's metabolism in many ways, including how quickly you burn calories and how quickly your heart beats. The immune system creates antibodies that attack thyroid cells as if they were bacteria, viruses, or some other foreign body.
This is because problems with thyroid hormone can disrupt the balance of hormones that cause ovulation. The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck, just below the Adam's apple. Thyroid hormones control how the body uses energy, affecting almost every organ in the body, including the way the heart beats. The function of the thyroid is to produce thyroid hormones, which are secreted into the blood and then transported to all tissues in the body.
In most women who have postpartum thyroiditis, the thyroid returns to normal within 12 to 18 months after the onset of symptoms. However, if you have very severe cases of hypothyroidism that hasn't been diagnosed or treated, your risk of developing low serum sodium levels increases. For example, if you have symptoms of hyperthyroidism in the first phase, your treatment may include medications to lower your heart rate. .